Remembering Fascism in Germany

Everyone Owns the Shoah

I hate commemorating the Holocaust. Born to WWII generation Israeli-American parents in 1967, the Shoah, as we call it in Hebrew, has always been the cornerstone around which we defined our Jewishness and our politics.

Hitler is dead! Berlin, May 2018.

You can understand why. The Nazi genocide remains an unparalleled calamity, which, while not the only large scale mass killing of its kind, nevertheless overwhelms in its purposefulness and design.

It leaves an imprint on who you are and how think, no matter how commonplace the practice of wholesale slaughter has become.

I am also of a generation of Jews for whom the instrumentalisation of the Holocaust, particularly on the Israeli right, has been especially controversial. Ten years old when Israel’s then-Likud Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, uttered his famous ‘never again’ statement, commemorating the Nazi genocide has always, at least for me, taken on an unfairly partisan tone.

Most of my immediate family escaped the Holocaust. My father’s maternal grandparents were already in Palestine at the end of the 19th century. His Rumanian father arrived with British forces from Egypt at the end of WWI. My mother’s parents left Lithuania as children in the 1890s, settling in the United States first, before moving to Palestine not long after my paternal grandfather arrived.

Living in Europe for the last decade, working in Germany and Italy, I’ve slowly come to dispense with my allergy to all things Holocaust-related. As a journalist, I’ve found it impossible to ignore the far-right’s attempt to rehabilitate fascism, particularly in response to the refugee crisis and am always drawn to documenting critical responses to it.

This has, in turn, forced me to reconsider my personal ban on the Shoah. The following photographs, shot in Berlin, reflect that coming to terms, in different ways.


The AfD effect. Berlin, September 2018.


Multiethnic couple heads to the anti-Nazi demo. Bundestag, June 2018.


Rosé at the Holocaust memorial. Bahnhof Friedrichstraße, June 2016.


German Turk passes poster attacking anti-Muslim party. Schillerkeiz, May 2016.


Roma and Neo-Fascists. 2017 elections, Berlin.


Photographs courtesy of the author. All rights reserved.